Links allow us to connect our pages and sites to each other. Arguably they give the world wide web its power by simply allowing one document to lead to the next. In this lesson, we’ll take a look at the structure of a link and how it works.
<a href="http://example.com">This is a text link</a>
An anchor link
<a> accepts an
href (hypertext reference) attribute, which points to the location of the page or content we are linking to.
<a href="http://example.com"> <img src="myimage.jpg" alt="Alternate text"> </a>
Anchor links can also wrap images as well as text. In fact anything we wrap a
<a> around becomes a clickable linked item.
<a href="mailto:email@example.com">This is an email link</a>
<a href="tel:555-555-5555">This is a phone number link</a>
Special prefixes in the href can trigger specific actions.
mailto: allows us to open an email editor;
"tel:" tells cellular devices to dial a number.
<p id="tips">Useful Tips Section</p> <a href="#tips">Jump to Useful Tips Section</a>
We can also create named anchor links that will scroll to content elsewhere in the same page. This is done by giving an
id attribute to one element, and then setting the
href of a link to
#id where the ids match.
There are two ways to express where we want to go. We can use either a relative file path or an absolute file path.
Relative paths describe the location of resources within the same file system.
Absolute paths describe the location of resources on the entire internet at large.
You should use the relative path when linking to content within your own website. Then use absolute paths when linking to content on other remote websites.
We can link to other pages either on our own website or on the internet as a whole by using the
a tag and a
href attribute, which specifies where we want the link to go. We use either a relative or absolute file path to determine the link destination.
Now that we’ve covered the basics of HTML, let’s move on to HTML’s best friend: CSS, which will let us start making our HTML look much more interesting.